The 10 Blessed Companions Who Were Promised Paradise - Ashara Mubashara:One of the goals believers want to reach is entering paradise, because the Quran commands people to race to enter paradise. "be quick in the race for forgiveness from your lord, and for a garden whose width is that (of the whole) of the heavens and of the earth, prepared for the righteous."
[Al-i Imran 3/133]
Who has gained paradise will be apparent in the afterlife, but Allah promised it to the companions while they were still in this world.
"not equal among you are those who spent (freely) and fought before the victory, (with those who did so later). Those are higher in rank than those who spent (freely) and fought afterward. But to all has god promised a goodly (reward). And God is well acquainted with all that ye do."
As is clearly seen in this verse, Allah promises heaven to all the companions. Just as the companions, who had many admirable traits, were given the good news of paradise in general, there are also those who were promised heaven individually while here on earth. The term ashara mubashara (the ten who were promised paradise) designates those who were given these glad tidings by the prophet Muhammad (pbuh) while they were living in this world. In addition to the term "ashara mubashara," the phrase with the same meaning - "العشرة المبشرون بالجنة; asharaa al-mubasharûn bi-l-jannah" - was also used.
[ads-post] The ten most exalted companions (allah is well pleased with them) to whom the beloved prophet muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) gave glad tidings of jannah whilst they were still in this world, are known as "Ashara E Mubashara". Every muslim should know and memorize their blessed names. They are:
1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr as-Siddiq
2. Sayyiduna Umar Ibn al-Khattab
3. Sayyiduna Uthman Ibn Affan
4. Sayyiduna Ali Ibn Abi Talib
5. Sayyiduna Talha bin Ubaidullah
6. Sayyiduna Zubair bin al-Awwam
7. Sayyiduna Abd ar-Rahman bin Awf
8. Sayyiduna Sa'ad bin Abi Waqqas
9. Sayyiduna Sa'eed bin Zayd
10.Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah bin al-Jarrah
(Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhum Ajma'een)
[Ref: Fatawa Razawiyyah, Vol. 29, Page 363]
In a hadith narrated by Abd al-Rahman ibn Awf, the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said:
“Abu Bakr will be in Paradise, ‘Umar will be in Paradise, ‘Usmaan will be in Paradise, ‘Ali will be in Paradise, Talhah will be in Paradise, al-Zubayr will be in Paradise, ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Awf will be in Paradise, Sa’d will be in Paradise, Sa’eed will be in Paradise, and Abu ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Jarraah will be in Paradise.”
[Narrated by al-Tirmidhi: 3680]